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Controlling one of the world's most dangerous pests

At best, mosquitoes can be a real nuisance, leaving itching bite marks and keeping us awake at night. The irritation caused by the bites can be quite distressing particularly for children. At worst, mosquitoes transmit a range potentially fatal diseases. In India, the most prominent diseases spread by mosquitoes are malaria, dengue and chikungunya, as well as Japanese B encephalitis. The risk of mosquito-borne diseases is especially high in humid areas. In the more arid regions of India, mosquito infestation commonly peak during and after the annual monsoon rainfalls. In the more tropic and humid regions, the peak of mosquito activity normally falls into the summers, when high temperatures fasten the reproductive cycle of mosquitoes.



Types of Mosquito Problem
There are thousands of different species of mosquito, but the most common mosquito problems in India are caused by:

Anopheles Mosquito The development from egg to adult takes only between 6-10 days. The female will lay between 60-150 eggs after a blood meal. Anopheles mosquitoes commonly bite at night and rest indoors and outdoors during the day. Anopheles mosquitoes are transmitters of Malaria.
Culex Mosquitoes Culex mosquitoes are transmitters of Japanese B Encephalitis, a very dangerous type of brain fever. They bite at night and rest before and after blood meals. Culex breeds in polluted stagnant water, and is a major pest problem in urban areas and metropolises of India, where it breeds in drains.
Aedes Mosquitoes Unlike above mentioned species, Aedes mosquitoes are active during the day and they breed in clean water in man-made containers, such as flower vases, water accumulation in tyres and cans. In India, Aedes mosquitoes are responsible for Chikungunya and Dengue. Their development from egg to mosquito is quite rapid (6-8 days).

To get rid of mosquitoes in your home, the best solution is to prevent them from breeding around your home and to prevent them from entering your home.

Avoid being bitten by mosquitoes:
  • When outside at dusk or dawn, wear long sleeves, trousers, footwear and hats to reduce exposed skin.
  • Use mosquito repellent sprays on exposed skin.
  • Use mosquito repelling products or candles when sitting


Prevent mosquitoes being able to develop in standing water:

  • Ensure drains are kept clear and running.
  • Ensure gutters and water gullies are not blocked.
  • Cover water butts with a lid.
  • Do not leave standing water (e.g. in watering cans).
  • Introduce mosquito fish (Gambusia affinis) or guppies into garden ponds to eat mosquito larvae.
  • Finally, you can help prevent mosquitoes entering your home:
  • After dark, keep windows and doors closed or block out the light with curtains.
  • Fit mosquito screens to windows.